Published in Fallacies: Classical and Contemporary Readings, edited by Hans V. Hansen and Robert C. Pinto (1995).

Select Bibliography of Recent Work on the Fallacies

Hans V. Hansen

This bibliography gathers the most important research of the last twenty-five years on individual fallacies and fallacy theory, but also includes some entries from earlier in the century. Hamblin's bibliography, in Fallacies (1970, 304-16) is an excellent guide to the historical sources.

For those entries below whose titles do not make clear what the subject of the entry is, we have added a short note. The criteria of inclusion are as follows: (1) articles on individual fallacies or fallacy theory that have appeared in refereed journals; (2) textbooks that have made a significant practical or theoretical contribution to the study of fallacies, or whose treatment of fallacies has been widely discussed, or that take a fallacies approach to informal logic or critical thinking; and (3) conference proceedings and other collections that contain a significant number of papers of interest. Additional references to published work on the fallacies, as well as informal logic and argumentation theory in general, may be found in H. V. Hansen, "An informal logic bibliography," Informal Logic 12 (1990): 155-84.

I would like to acknowledge the invaluable assistance of Peter Houtlosser (University of Amsterdam) and Mark Letteri (University of Windsor) in preparing this bibliography.


Abate, Charles J.
_____. 1979. Fallaciousness and invalidity. Philosophy and Rhetoric 12:262-66.
Adler, Jonathan E.
_____. 1993. Critique of an epistemic account of fallacies. Argumentation 7:263-72. [Criticism of Fogelin and Duggan 1987].
_____. 1994. Fallacies and alternative interpretations. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72:271-82.
Back, Allan.
_____. 1987. Philoponus on the fallacy of accident. Ancient Philosophy 7:131-46.
Bar-Hillel, Yehoshua.
_____. 1964. More on the fallacy of composition. Mind 73:125-26 [Reply to Rowe 1962].
Barker, John A.
_____. 1976. The fallacy of begging the question. Dialogue 15:241-55.
_____. 1978. The nature of question-begging arguments. Dialogue 17:490-98.
Barth, E. M., and J. L. Martens.
_____. 1977. Argumentum ad hominem: From chaos to formal dialectic. Logique et Analyse 20:76-96.
Basu, Dilip K.
_____. 1986. A question of begging. Informal Logic 8:19-26. [Reply to Woods and Walton 1982b].
_____. 1994. Begging the question, circularity and epistemic propriety. Argumentation 8:217-26.
Behling, Richard W.
_____. 1987. On the naming of formal fallacies. International Logic Review 18:69-70. [Reply to Wertz 1985].
Bencivenga, Ermanno.
_____. 1979. On good and bad arguments, Journal of Philosophical Logic, 8:247-59. [Reply to Massey's 1975 papers].
Biro, J. I.
_____. 1977. Rescuing "begging the question." Metaphilosophy 8:257-71.
_____. 1984. Knowability, believability and begging the question: A reply to Sanford. Metaphilosophy 15:239-47.
_____. 1987. A sketch of an epistemic theory of fallacies. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987b, 65-73.
Biro, John, and Harvey Siegel.
_____. 1992. Normativity, argumentation and an epistemic theory of fallacies. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1992, 85-103.
Blair, J. Anthony, and Ralph H. Johnson, eds.
_____. 1980. Informal Logic: The First International Symposium. Inverness, Calif.: Edgepress. [Selected papers from the First International Symposium on Informal Logic].
_____. 1987. The current state of informal logic and critical thinking. Informal Logic 9:147-51.
_____. 1991. Misconceptions of informal logic: A reply to McPeck. Teaching Philosophy 14:35-52. (Reply to McPeck 1991).
Brinton, Alan.
_____. 1985. A rhetorical view of the ad hominem. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63:50-63.
_____. 1986. Ethotic argument. History of Philosophy Quarterly 3:245-58.
_____. 1987. Ethotetic argument: Some uses. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987c, 246-54.
_____. 1988a. Appeal to the angry emotions. Informal Logic 10:7787.
_____. 1988b. Pathos and the "appeal to emotion": An Aristotelian analysis. History of Philosophy Quarterly 5:207-19.
_____. 1992. The ad baculum re-clothed. Informal Logic 14:85-92. [Disagrees with some conclusions in Wreen 1987b, 1988a, 1988b, 1989].
_____. 1994. A plea for argumentum ad misericordiam. Philosophia 23:25-44.
Broad, C. D.
_____. 1950. Some common fallacies in political thinking. Philosophy 25:99-113.
Broyles, James E.
_____. 1975. The fallacies of composition and division. Philosophy and Rhetoric 8:108-13.
Bueno, Anibel A.
_____. 1988. Aristotle, the fallacy of accident, and the nature of predication: A historical inquiry, Journal of the History of Philosophy 26:5-24.
Burke, Michael.
_____. 1994. Denying the antecedent. Informal Logic 16:23-30.
Capaldi, Nicholas.
_____. 1973. The Art of Deception. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
Cohen, L. Jonathan.
_____. 1979. On the psychology of prediction: Whose is the fallacy? Cognition 7:385-407.
_____. 1980. Whose is the fallacy: A rejoinder to Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky. Cognition 8:89-92.
_____. 1982. Are people programmed to commit fallacies? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 12:251-74.
Cole, Richard.
_____. 1965. A note on informal fallacies. Mind 74:452-33.
Colwell, Gary.
_____. 1989. God, the Bible and circularity. Informal Logic 11:61-73.
Copi, Irving M., and Carl Cohen.
_____. 1990. Introduction to Logic. 8th ed. New York: Macmillan. [Earlier editions, beginning with the first in 1955, were authored by Copi alone].
Cowan, Joseph L.
_____. 1969. The gambler's fallacy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30:238-51,
Crouch, Margaret A.
_____. 1991. Feminist philosophy and the genetic fallacy. Hypatia 6:104- 17.
_____. 1993. A "limited" defense of the genetic fallacy. Metaphilosophy 24:227-40.
Eemeren, Frans H. van, and Rob Grootendorst.
_____. 1984. Speech Acts in Argumentative Discussions. Dordrecht: Foris. [chap. 8 considers a code for rational discussants and its relation to the fallacies].
_____. 1987. Fallacies in pragma-dialectical perspective. Argumentation 1:283-301.
_____. 1989. A transition stage in the theory of fallacies. Journal of Pragmatics 13:99-109.
_____. 1992a. Argumentation, Communication, and Fallacies. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
_____. 1992b. Relevance reviewed: The case of argumentum ad hominem. Argumentation 6:141-59.
_____. 1993. The history of the argumentum ad hominem since the seventeenth century. In Krabbe et al. 1993:49-68.
Eemeren, Frans H. van, Rob Grootendorst, J. Anthony Blair, and Charles Willard, eds.
_____. 1987a. Argumentation: Across the Lines of Discipline. Dordrecht: Foris. [Proceedings of the First International Society for Study of Argumentation Conference, 1986. Vol. 1].
_____. 1987b. Argumentation: Analysis and Practices. Dordrecht: Foris. [Proceedings of the First International Society for Study of Argumentation Conference, 1986. Vol. 3]
_____. 1987c. Argumentation: Perspectives and Approaches. Dordrecht: Foris. [Proceedings of the First International Society for the Study of Argumentation Conference, 1986. Vol. 2].
_____. 1991a. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Argumentation, Volume IA. Amsterdam: Sicsat. [Proceedings of the Second International Society for the Study of Argumentation Conference, 1990. Vol. 2].
_____. 1991b. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Argumentation, Volume IB. Amsterdam: Sicsat. [Proceedings of the Second International Society for the Study of Argumentation Conference, 1990. Vol. 3],
_____. 1992. Argumentation Illuminated. Amsterdam: Sicsat. [Proceedings of the Second International Society for the Study of Argumentation Conference, 1990. Vol. 1].
Engel, S. Morris.
_____. 1961. Hobbes's "table of absurdity." Philosophical Review 60:533-43.
_____. 1980. Analyzing Informal Fallacies. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
_____. 1986a. Explaining equivocation. Metaphilosophy 17:192-99.
_____. 1986b. Fallacy, wit, and madness. Philosophy and Rhetoric 19:224-41.
_____. 1986c. Wittgenstein's theory of fallacy. Informal Logic 8:67-80.
_____. 1989. The many faces of amphiboly. Metaphilosophy 20:347-55.
_____. 1991. Understanding, finally, what it is to "Beg the Question." Metaphilosophy 22:251-64.
_____. 1994. With Good Reason: An Introduction to informal Fallacies. 5th ed. New York: St. Martin's, [lst ed. 1976].
Facione, Peter
_____. 1987. Teaching about fallacies. Teaching Philosophy 10:211-17.
Fair, Frank.
_____. 1973. The fallacy of many questions: Or how to stop beating your wife. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 4:89-92.
Farnside, W. Ward, and William B. Holther.
_____. 1959. Fallacy: The Counterfeit of Argument. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Feuer, Lewis S.
_____. 1983. The genetic fallacy re-examined. In Sidney Hook: Philosopher of Democracy and Humanism, edited by Paul Kurtz, 227-46. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
Finocchiaro, Maurice.
_____. 1974. The concept of ad hominem argument in Galileo and Locke. Philosophical Forum 5:394-404.
_____. 1981. Fallacies and the evaluation of reasoning. American Philosophical Quarterly 18:13-22.
_____. 1987. Six types of fallaciousness: Toward a realistic theory of logical criticism. Argumentation 1:263-82.
Fischer, David H.
_____. 1978. Historians' Fallacies: Toward a Logic of Historical Thought. New York: Harper and Row.
Fogelin, Robert J., and Timothy J. Duggan.
_____. 1987. Fallacies. Argumentation 1:255-62.
Gelber, Hester Goodenough.
_____. 1987. The fallacy of accident and the dictum de omni. Vivarium 25:110-45.
George, Rolf.
_____. 1983. A postscript on fallacies. Journal of Philosophical Logic 12:319-25.
Gerber, D.
_____. 1974. On argumentum ad hominem. The Personalist 55:23-29.
_____. 1977. Reply to Woods and Walton's "Ad hominem, contra Gcrbcr." The Personalist 58:145-46. [Reply to Woods and Walton 1977b].
Good, I. J.
_____. 1959. A classification of fallacious arguments and interpretations. Methodos 11:147-59.
Goodwin, David.
_____. 1992. The dialectic of second-order distinctions: The structure of arguments about fallacies. Informal Logic 14:11-22.
Goudge, T. A.
_____. 1961. The genetic fallacy. Synthese 13:41-48.
Govier, Trudy.
_____. 1982. What's wrong with slippery slope arguments? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12:303-16.
_____. 1983. Ad hominem: Revising the textbooks. Teaching Philosophy 6:13-24.
_____. 1987. Problems in Argument Analysis and Evaluation. Dordrecht: Foris.
_____. 1992. A Practical Study of Argument. 3d ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth. [1st ed. 1985].
Groarke, Leo.
_____. 1991. Critical study of Woods and Walton's Fallacies: Selected Papers, 1972-1982. Informal Logic 13:99-112.
Grootendorst, Rob.
_____. 1987. Some fallacies about fallacies. In van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987a, 331-42.
Hamblin, Charles L.
_____. 1970. Fallacies. London: Methuen. [Available from Newport News: Vale Press].
Hample, Dale.
_____. 1982. Dual coding, reasoning and fallacies. Journal of the American Forensic Association 19:59-78.
Hanson, Norwood R.
_____. 1967. The genetic fallacy revisited. American Philosophical Quarterly 4:101-13.
Hinman, Lawrence.
_____. 1982. The case for ad hominem arguments. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 60:338-45.
Hintikka, Jaakko.
_____. 1987. The fallacy of fallacies. Argumentation 1:211-38.
Hitchcock, David.
_____. 1992. Relevance. Argumentation 6:251-70. [Includes section devoted to the relevance of "ad" appeals].
Hoffman, Robert.
_____. 1971. On begging the questions at any time. Analysis 32:51.
Hohmann, Hanns.
_____. 1991. Fallacies and legal argumentation. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst et al. 1991b, 776-81.
Hon, Giora.
_____. 1991. A critical note on J. S. Mill's classification of fallacies. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42:263-68.
Hooke, A. E.
_____. 1991. Tortuous logic and tortured bodies. Why is the ad baculum a fallacy? In Van Eemeren and Grootendorst, et al. 1991a, 391-96.
Iseminger, Gary.
_____. 1989. The asymmetry thesis. The Monist 72:25-59. [Discussion of Massey 1975a, 1975b, 1981].
Jackson, Frank.
_____. 1984. Petitio and the purpose of arguing. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65:26-36.
Jacquette, Dale.
_____. 1989. The hidden logic of slippery slope arguments. Philosophy and Rhetoric 22:59-70.
_____. 1994. Many questions begs the question (but questions do not beg the question). Argumentation 8:283-89.
Jason, Gary.
_____. 1984. Is there a case for ad hominem? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62:182-85.
_____. 1986. Are fallacies common? A look at two debates. Informal Logic 8:81-92,
_____. 1987. The nature of the argumentum ad baculum. Philosophia 17:491-99.
_____. 1988. Hedging as a fallacy of language. Informal Logic 10:169-75.
_____. 1989. Fallacies are common. Informal Logic 11:101-6.
Johnson, Oliver A.
_____. 1967-68. Begging the question. Dialogue 6:135-50.
Johnson, Ralph H.
_____. 1987. The blaze of her splendours: Suggestions about revitalizing fallacy theory. Argumentation 1:239-53.
_____. 1989. Massey on fallacy and informal logic: A reply. Synthese 80:407-26. [Reply to Massey 1981].
_____. 1990. Hamblin on the standard treatment. Philosophy and Rhetoric 23:153-67.
_____. 1991. In response to Walton. Philosophy and Rhetoric 24:362-66. [Reply to Walton 1991d].
Johnson, Ralph H., and ). Anthony Blair.
_____. 1985. Informal logic: The past five years, 1978-83. American Philosophical Quarterly 22:181-96.
_____. 1993. Logical Self-Defense. 3d ed. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson. [1st ed. 1977].
_____. 1994. New Essays in Informal Logic. Windsor: Informal Logic.
Kahane, Howard.
_____. 1980. The nature and classification of fallacies. In Blair and Johnson 1980, 31-39.
_____. 1992. Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric, The Use of Reasoning in Everyday Life. 6th ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth [1st ed. 1971].
Kirwan, Christopher.
_____. 1979. Aristotle and the so-called fallacy of equivocation. Philosophical Quarterly 29:35-46.
Kleiman, Lowell.
_____. 1970. Pashman on Freud and the genetic fallacy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 8:63-65. [Reply to Pashman 1970].
Klosko, George.
_____. 1983. Criteria of fallacy and sophistry for use in the analysis of Platonic dialogues. Classical Quarterly, n.s., 33:363-74.
_____. 1987. Plato and the morality of fallacy. American Journal of Philology 108:612-26.
Krabbe, Erik C. W.
_____. 1992. So what? Profiles for relevance criticism in persuasion dialogues. Argumentation 6:271-83. [Includes discussion of some of the fallacies of relevance.]
Krabbe, Erik C. W, and Douglas N. Walton.
_____. 1993. It's all very well for you to talk! Situationally disqualifying ad hominem attacks. Informal Logic 15:79-91.
Krabbe, Erik C.W., R. J. Dalitz, and P. A. Smit, eds.
_____. 1993. Empirical Logic and Public Debate. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Lavine, T. Z.
_____. 1962. Reflections on the genetic fallacy. Social Research 29:321-36.
Leddy, Thomas.
_____. 1986. Is there a fallacy of small sample? Informal Logic 8:53-56.
Levi, Don S.
_____. 1994. Begging what is at issue in the argument. Argumentation 8:265-82.
Macintosh, J. J.
_____. 1991. Theological question-begging. Dialogue 30:531-47.
Mackenzie, Jim.
_____. 1979. Question begging in non-cumulative systems. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8:117-33.
_____. 1984a. Begging the question in dialogue. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62:174-81.
_____. 1984b. Confirmation of a conjecture of Peter of Spain concerning begging the question. Journal of Philosophical Logic 8:117-33.
_____. 1988. Distinguo: The response to equivocation. Argumentation 2:465-82.
_____. 1994. Contexts of begging the question. Argumentation 8:227-40.
Mackie, John L.
_____. 1967. Fallacies. In Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Paul Edwards, 3:169-79.
Maier, Robert.
_____. 1987. Cognitive development and fallacies. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, etal. 1987b, 75-82.
Marks, Joel.
_____. 1988. When is a fallacy not a fallacy? Metaphilosophy 19:307-12.
Marshall, Ernest.
_____. 1987. Formalism, fallacies, and the teaching of informal logic. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987b, 386-93.
Massey, Gerald.
_____. 1975a. Are there any good arguments that bad arguments are bad? Philosophy in Context 4:61-77.
_____. 1975b. In defense of the asymmetry. Philosophy in Context (Supplementary) 4:44-55
_____. 1981. The fallacy behind fallacies. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6:489-500.
McMurtry, John.
_____. 1986. The argumentum ad adversarium. Informal Logic 8:27-36.
McPeck, John.
_____. 1991. What is learned in informal logic courses? Teaching Philosophy 14:25-34. [Criticism of the purported value of teaching the fallacies as part of critical thinking].
Michalos, Alex C.
_____. 1976. Improving Your Reasoning (2d ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. [1st ed. 1970].
Minot, Walter S.
_____. 1981. A rhetorical view of fallacies: Ad hominem and ad populum. Rhetorical Society Quarterly 11:222-35.
Nuchelmans, Gabriel.
_____. 1993. On the fourfold root of argumentum ad hominem. In Krabbe et al. 1993, 37-47.
Oliver, James Willard.
_____. 1967. Formal fallacies and other invalid arguments. Mind 76:463- 78. [Anticipates Massey's papers on the asymmetry thesis].
Palmer, Humphrey.
_____. 1981. Do circular arguments beg the question? Philosophy 56:387- 94.
Parker, Richard A.
_____. 1984. Tu quoque arguments: A rhetorical perspective, Journal of the American Forensic Association 20:123-32.
Pashman, Jon.
_____. 1970, Is the genetic fallacy a fallacy? Southern Journal of Philosophy 8:57-62.
_____. 1971. Reply to Mr. Kleiman. Southern Journal of Philosophy 9:93-94. [Reply to Kleiman 1970].
_____. Pirie, Madsen.
_____. 1965. The Book of Fallacy: A Training Manual for Intellectual Subversives. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul,
Prasad, Rajendra.
_____. 1950. The Jaina conception of fallacies. Philosophical Quarterly [India] 23:69-74.
Remland, Martin.
_____. 1982. The implicit ad hominem fallacy: Nonverbal displays of status in argumentative discourse. Journal of the American Forensic Association 19:79-86.
Rescher, Nicholas.
_____. 1987. How serious a fallacy is inconsistency? Argumentation 1:303-16.
Riepe, Dale.
_____. 1966. Some reconsiderations of the argumentum ad hominem. Darshana International 6:44-47.
Robinson, Richard.
_____. 1941. Ambiguity. Mind 50:140-55.
_____. 1942. Plato's consciousness of fallacy. Mind 51:94-114.
_____. 1971a. Arguing from ignorance. Philosophical Quarterly 21:97-108.
_____. 1971b. Begging the question, 1971. Analysis 31:113-17.
_____. 1981. Begging the question, 1981. Analysis 41:65.
Rohatyn, Dennis.
_____. 1987. When is a fallacy a fallacy? In van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987b, 45-55.
Rowe, William L.
_____. 1962. The fallacy of composition. Mind 71:87-92.
Salmon, Wesley.
_____. 1984. Logic. 3d ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. [1st ed. 1963].
Sanford, David.
_____. 1972. Begging the question. Analysis 32:197-99.
_____. 1977. The fallacy of begging the question: A reply to Barker. Dialogue 16:485-98. [Reply to Barker 1976],
_____. 1981. Superfluous information, epistemic conditions of inference, and begging the question. Metaphilosophy 12:145-58.
Schcdler, George.
_____. 1988. The argument from ignorance. International Logic Review 11:66-71.
Schellens, P. ].
_____. 1991. Ad verecundiam and ad hominem arguments as acceptable fallacies. In Van Eemeren and Grootendorst, et al. 1991a, 384-90.
Schlecht, Ludwig F.
_____. 1991. Classifying fallacies logically. Teaching Philosophy 14:53-64.
Schmidt, Michael F.
_____. 1986. On classification of fallacies. Informal Logic 8:57-66.
_____. 1991. Inconsistency, falsity, incompleteness, begging the question and missing the point. In Van Eemeren and Grootendorst, et al. 1991a, 403-10.
Scriven, Michael.
_____. 1987. Fallacies of statistical substitution. Argumentation 1:333-49.
Secor, Marie
_____. 1987. How common are fallacies? Informal Logic 9:41-48. [Response to Jason 1986].
_____. 1989. Bentham's Book of Fallacies: Rhetorician in spite of himself. Philosophy and Rhetoric 22:83-93.
Sorensen, Roy A.
_____. 1989a. Slipping off the slippery slope: A reply to Professor Jacquette. Philosophy and Rhetoric 22:195-202.
_____. 1989b. P, therefore P, without circularity. Journal of Philosophy 88:245-66.
Sparkes, A. W.
_____. 1966. Begging the question. Journal of the History of Ideas 27:462-63.
Sprague, Rosamund Kent.
_____. 1962. Plato's use of fallacy: A study of the Euthydemus and some other dialogues. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Suber, Peter.
_____. 1994. Question-begging under a non-foundational model of argument. Argumentation 8:241-50.
Vate, Dwight van de, Jr.
_____. 1975a. The appeal to force. Philosophy and Rhetoric 8:43-60.
_____. 1975b. Reasoning and threatening: A reply to Yoos. Philosophy and Rhetoric 8:177-79.
Walton, Douglas N.
_____. 1977. Mill and De Morgan on whether the syllogism is a petitio. International Logic Review 8:57-68.
_____. 1980a. Petitio principii and argument analysis. In Blair and Johnson 1980, 41-54.
_____. 1980b. Why is the ad populum a fallacy? Philosophy and Rhetoric 13:264-78. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 209-20.
_____. 1981. The fallacy of many questions. Logique et Analyse 95-96:291-313 Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 233-51.
_____. 1982. Topical Relevance in Argumentation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
_____. 1984. Logical Dialogue-Games and Fallacies. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America.
_____. 1985a. Are circular arguments necessarily vicious? American Philosophical Quarterly 22:263-74.
_____. 1985b. Arguers Position: A Pragmatic Study of 'Ad Hominem' Attack, Criticism, Refutation and Fallacy. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood.
_____. 1987a. The ad hominem argument as an informal fallacy. Argumentation 1:317-31.
_____. 1987b. Informal Fallacies: Towards a Theory of Argument Criticisms. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
_____. 1987c. What is a fallacy? In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987a, 323-30.
_____. 1988. Question-asking fallacies. In Questions and Questioning, edited by M. Meyer, 195-221. Berlin: De Gruyter.
_____. 1989a. Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
_____. 1989b. Question-Reply Argumentation. New York: Greenwood.
_____. 1990. Ignoring qualifications (secundum quid) as a subfallacy of hasty generalization, Logique et Analyse 33:113-54.
_____. 1991a. Begging the Question: Circular Reasoning as a Tactic of Argumentation. New York: Greenwood.
_____. 1991b. Bias, critical doubt, and fallacies. Argumentation and Advocacy 28:1-22.
_____. 1991c. Critical faults and fallacies of questioning. Journal of Pragmatics 15:337-66.
_____. 1991d. Hamblin on the standard treatment of fallacies. Philosophy and Rhetoric 24:353-61. [Reply to R. H. Johnson, 1990],
_____. 1992a. Commitment, types of dialogue, and fallacies. Informal Logic 14:95-103.
_____. 1992b. Nonfallacious arguments from ignorance. American Philosophical Quarterly 29:381-87.
_____. 1992c. The Place of Emotion in Argument. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
_____. 1992d. Plausible Argument in Everyday Conversation. Albany: State University of New York Press.
_____. 1992e. Slippery Slope Arguments. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
_____. 1992f. Types of dialogue, dialectical shifts and fallacies. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst et al., 1992, 133-47.
_____. 1992g. Which of the fallacies are fallacies of relevance? Argumentation 6:237-50.
_____. 1993. The speech act of presumption. Pragmatics and Cognition 1:125-48.
_____. 1995. A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Walton, Douglas N., and L. M. Batten.
_____. 1984. Games, graphs, and circular arguments. Logique et Analyse 27:133-64.
Weiss, Stephen E.
_____. 1976. The sorites fallacy: What difference does a peanut make? Synthese 33:253-72.
Wertz, S. K.
_____. 1985. When affirming the consequent is valid. International Logic Review 16:17-18.
White, David.
_____. 1985. Slippery slope arguments. Metaphilosophy 16:206-13.
Williams, M. E.
_____. 1967-68. Begging the question? Dialogue 6:567-70.
Wilson, Kent.
_____. 1988. Circular Arguments. Metaphilosophy 19:38-52.
_____. 1993. Comment on Peter of Spain, Jim Mackenzie, and begging the question. Journal of Philosophical Logic 22:323-31.
Wohlrapp, Harald.
_____. 1991. Argumentum ad baculum and ideal speech situation. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst et al. 1991a, 397-402.
Wolfe, Julian.
_____. 1986. Inconsistency: A fallacy? Informal Logic 8:151-52.
Woods, John.
_____. 1980. What is informal logic? In Blair and Johnson 1980, 57-68. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 221-32. [Investigates the formal approach to some fallacies, especially composition and division].
_____. 1987. Ad baculum, self-interest and Pascal's wager. In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst, et al. 1987a, 343-49.
_____. 1988. Buttercups, GNP's and quarks: Are fallacies theoretical entities? Informal Logic 10:67-76.
_____. 1991. Pragma-dialectics: A radical departure in fallacy theory. Communication and Cognition 24:43-54.
_____. 1992. Who cares about the fallacies? In Van Eemeren, Grootendorst et al. 1992, 23-48.
_____. 1993. Secundum quid as a research programme. In Krabbe et al. 1993, 27-36.
Woods, John, and Douglas N. Walton.
_____. 1972. On fallacies, Journal of Critical Analysis 4:103-11. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 1-10.
_____. 1974. Argumentum ad verecundiam. Philosophy and Rhetoric 7:135-53. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 11-28.
_____. 1975. Petitio principii, Synthese 31:107-27. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 29-45.
_____. 1976a. Ad baculum. Grazer Philosophische Studien 2:133-40. Also in Woods and Walton 1989,47-53.
_____. 1976b. Fallaciousness without invalidity? Philosophy and Rhetoric 9:52-54.
_____. 1977a. Ad hominem. Philosophical Forum 8:1-20. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 55-73.
_____. 1977b. Ad hominem, contra Gerber. The Personalist 58:141-44. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 87-91.
_____. 1977c. Composition and division. Studia Logica 36:381-406. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 93-119.
_____. 1977d. Petitio and relevant many-premissed arguments. Logique et Analyse 20:97-110. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 75-85.
_____. 1977e. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc. Review of Metaphysics 30:569-93. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 121-41.
_____. 1978a. Arresting circles in formal dialogues. Journal of Philosophical Logic 7:73-90. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 143-59.
_____. 1978b. The fallacy of ad ignorantiam. Dialectica 32:87-99. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 161-73.
_____. 1979. Equivocation and practical logic. Ratio 21:31-43. Also in Woods and Walton 1989, 195-207.
_____. 1981. More on fallaciousness and invalidity. Philosophy and Rhetoric 14:168-72.
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