George Woodcock, Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements, 1962, Postscript 1975.

Selected Bibliography

[For links to digital texts of some of these documents, see Anarchism: The Unfinished Revolution]

A complete bibliography of anarchist literature would take up considerably more space than the whole text of this book. In 1897 Max Nettlau had already found enough material of this kind to fill a fairly large volume, and to extend his task up to 1939 another two or three volumes might well be needed.

The list I present here consists of the books I have found most useful in writing my own history. There are certain deliberate omissions. On Proudhon, Godwin, and Kropotkin I have only noted key or recent works, since my biographies of these writers (that on Kropotkin in collaboration with Ivan Avakumovic) already contain fairly full, bibliographies to which I would refer the particularly interested reader. I have refrained from any attempt to list the copious (and largely derivative) pamphlet literature of the anarchists. I have also omitted periodicals; the most important are already clearly identified in the text.

Some of the works I have listed, like those by Max Nettlau, G. D. H. Cole, Rudolf Rocker, P. Eltzbacher, and E. V. Zenker, illuminate the whole history of anarchism. Others apply particularly to personalities or events, or to special aspects of anarchism which in most cases are made evident by their titles. I have included a few of the representative works of literature influenced by anarchist ideas or history, but here again I have only touched the edge of a considerable field.

In addition to listing the principal published works I have used, I should mention my particular debt to the very hospitable and helpful staff of the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, who allowed me to read through the considerable collections of drafts and notes left by the late Max Nettlau. Like Max Nettlau's published volumes, this material was an invaluable source of facts about late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century anarchist events and personalities. I have also drawn on correspondence and the memories of conversations which I have had during the past twenty years with people in [468] some way -- directly or indirectly -- involved in anarchist history; I would mention particularly J. Garcia Pradas, Lilian Wolfe, Andre" Prudhommeaux, Vernon Richards, Giovanna Berneri, Herbert Read, S. Fleshin, and Mollie Steimer, and, among those who have since died, Marie Louise Berneri, G. P. Maximoff, Frederick Lohr, Rudolf Rocker, Mat Kavanagh, and Luigi Bertoni. Whatever information I owe to these people, I should emphasize that my conclusions are my own.

Adamic, Louis

  • Dynamite: The Story of Class Violence in America, London, 1931.

    Andrews, Stephen Pearl

  • The Science of Society, New York, 1852.

    Andrieux, Louis

  • Souvenirs d'un prefet de police, 2 vols., Paris, 1906-10.

    Arvon, Henri

  • L'Anarchisme, Paris, 1951.

    Aveling, Edward, and Marx, Eleanor

  • The Working-Class Movement in America, New York, 1891.

    Bailie, W.

  • Josiah Warren, the First American Anarchist, Boston, 1906.

    Bakunin, Michael

  • Confession, Paris, 1932.
  • God and the State, Boston, 1893.
  • Lettres a A. Herzen et N. Ogareff, Michel Dragomanoff, ed., Paris, 1896.
  • Marxism, Freedom and the State, London, 1950.
  • (Euvres, 6 vols., Paris, 1896-1914.
  • The Political Philosophy of Bakunin: Scientific Anarchism, G. P. Maximoff, ed. Glencoe, III, 1953.

    Basch, Victor

  • L'Individualisme anarchiste: Max Stimer, Paris, 1894.

    Beard, Mary Ritter

  • A Short History of the American Labor Movement, New York, 1928.

    Bellegarrigue, Anselme

  • Au fait! Au fait! Interpretation de Vidie democratique, Paris and Toulouse, 1848.

    Berens, L. M.

  • The Digger Movement in the Days of the Commonwealth, London, 1906.

    Berkman, Alexander

  • The A.B.C. of Anarchist Communism, London, 1942.
  • The Bolshevik Myth, New York, 1925.
  • Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist, London, 1926.

    Berneri, Camillo

  • Guerre de classes en Espagne, Paris, 1938.
  • Peter Kropotkin: His Federalist Ideas, London, 1942.

    Berneri, Marie Louise

  • Journey Through Utopia, London, 1950.
  • Marie Louise Berneri: A Tribute, London, 1949.
  • Neither East nor West, London, 1952.

    Bernstein, Eduard

  • Cromwell and Communism: Socialism and Democracy in the Great English Revolution, London, 1930.

    Beslay, Charles

  • Mes souvenirs, Paris, 1873.
  • Le Verite sur la commune, Paris, 1877.

    Bolloten, Burnett

  • The Grand Camouflage: The Communist Conspiracy in the Spanish Civil War, London, 1961.

    Bondnrant, Joan V.

  • Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict, Princeton, 1958.

    Borghi, Armando

  • Mussolini Red and Black, New York, 1935.

    Borkenau, Franz

  • The Spanish Cockpit, London, 1937.

    Bourguin, Hubert

  • Les Systemes socialistes, Paris 1923.

    Brailsford, H. N.

  • Shelley, Godwin and Their Circle, London, 1913.

    Brenan, Gerald

  • The Spanish Labyrinth, London, 1943.

    Brissenden, Paul F.

  • The I.W.W.: A Study of American Syndicalism, New York, 1919.

    Brogan, D. W.

  • Proudhon, London, 1936.

    Burke, Edmund

  • Reflections on the Revolution in France, London, 1790.

    Burns, C. Delisle

  • Principles of Revolution, London, 1920.

    Carpenter, Edward

  • My Days and Dreams, London, 1916.

    Carr, E. H.

  • Michael Bakunin, London, 1937.
  • The Romantic Exiles, London, 1933; New York, 1961.
  • Studies in Revolution, London, 1950.

    Chamberlin, W. H.

  • The Russian Revolution, London, 1935.

    Chronique du mouvement socialiste en Russie. A confidential document of which a hundred copies were printed and distributed by the Russian Ministry of the Interior. St Petersburg, 1890.

    Coeurderoy, Ernest

  • Jours d'exil, Brussels, 1854.

    Cole, G. D. H.

  • British Working Class Politics, 1832-1914, London, 1941.
  • A Short History of the British Working Class Movement, 1787-1947, London, 1952.
  • Socialist Thought, 4 vols., London, 1953-8.

    Commons, J. R., and associates,

  • History of Labor in the United States, 4 vols., New York, 1918-35.

    Compte rendu analytique des seances du Congris Anarchiste tenu a Amsterdam, aout, 1907, Paris, 1908.

    Conrad, Joseph

  • The Secret Agent, London, 1907.
  • Under Western Eyes, London, 1911.

    David, Henry

  • The History of the Haymarket Affair, New York, 1936.

    Dejacque, Joseph

  • L'Humanisphere, Paris, 1899.
  • La Question rivolutionnaire, New York, 1854.

    Desjardins, Arthur

  • P.-J. Proudhon, Sa vie, ses asuvres, sa doctrine, 2 vols., Paris, 1896.

    Dewar, Hugo

  • Assassins at Large, London, 1951.

    Diehl, Karl

  • Über Socialismus, Kommunismus und Anarchismus, Jena, 1911.

    Dolleans, Eduard

  • Histoire du mouvement ouvrier, 2 vols., Paris, 1936-9.
  • Proudhon, Paris, 1948.

    Draper, Theodore

  • The Roots of American Communism, New York, 1957.

    Droz, Edouard

  • P.-J. Proudhon, Paris, 1909.

    Dubois, F.

  • Le Piril anarchists, Paris, 1894.

    Dumartheray, Francois

  • Aux travailleurs manuels partisans de Vaction politique, Geneva, 1876.

    Eltzbacher, P.

  • Anarchism, New York, 1908.

    Faure, Sebastien

  • La Douleur universelle, Paris, 1895.
  • (ed.) L'Encyclopedie anarchiste, 4 vols., Paris, n.d.

    Figner, Vera

  • Memoirs of a Revolutionist, New York, 1927.

    Fleisher, David

  • William Godwin: A Study in Liberalism, London, 1951.

    Footman, David

  • Red Prelude, London, 1944.

    Foster, William Z.

  • History of the Three Internationals, New York, 1955.

    Fribourg, E. E.

  • L'Association Internationale des travailleurs, Paris, 1871.

    Galenson, Walter

  • (ed.) Comparative Labor Movements, New York, 1952.

    Gerth, Hans

  • (ed.) The First International: Minutes of the Hague Congress of 1872, Madison, 1958.

    Gide, Charles

  • A History of Economic Doctrines, London, 1917.
  • Communist and Co-operative Colonies, London, 1930.

    Glasier, J. Bruce

  • William Morris and the Early Days of the Socialist Movement, London, 1921.

    Godwin, William

  • An Account of the Seminary That Will Be Opened on Monday the Fourth Day of August at Epsom in Surrey, London, 1783 (published anonymously). The Enquirer, London, 1797.
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Political Justice, and Its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness, 2 vols., London, 1793. Facsimile of 3rd ed., with Notes and Introduction by F. E. L. Priestley, Toronto, 1946.
  • History of the Commonwealth of England, 4 vols., London, 1824-8.
  • Things as They Are: or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams, London, 1794.
  • Thoughts on Man, London, 1831.

    Goldman, Emma

  • Anarchism and Other Essays, New York, 1911.
  • Living My Life, London, 1931.
  • My Disillusionment in Russia, New York, 1923.
  • My Further Disillusionment with Russia, New York, 1923.

    Grave, Jean

  • L'Anarchie, son but, ses moyens, Paris, 1899.
  • L'Individu et la societe, Paris, 1897.
  • Le Mouvement libertaire sous la Troisieme Republique, Paris, 1930.
  • La Societe future, Paris, 1895.
  • La Societe mourante et Vanarchie, Paris, 1893.

    Gray, Alexander

  • The Socialist Tradition: Moses to Lenin, London, 1946.

    Gross, Feliks

  • (ed.) European Ideologies, New York, 1948.

    Guerin, Daniel

  • Le Lutte des classes sous la lere Republique, Paris, 1946.

    Guillaume, James

  • L'Internationale: documents et souvenirs, 4. vols., Paris, 1905-10.

    Hamon, Augustin

  • Psychologie de l'anarchiste-socialiste, Paris, 1895.

    Hare, Richard

  • Pioneers of Russian Social Thought, London, 1951.
  • Portraits of Russian Personalities Between Reform and Revolution, London, 1959.

    Harris, Frank

  • The Bomb, London, 1908.

    Haubtmann, Pierce

  • Marx et Proudhon, Paris, 1947.

    Hepner, Benoit P.

  • Bakounine et le Panslavisme revolutionnaire, Paris, 1950.

    Herbert, Eugenia W.

  • The Artist and Social Reform: France and Belgium, 1885-1898, New Haven, 1961.

    Herzen, Alexander

  • From the Other Shore, London, 1956; New York, 1956.
  • My Past and Thoughts, 6 vols., London, 1924-7.

    Hilton-Young, W.

  • The Italian Left, London, 1949.

    Hinds, William A.

  • American Communities, Chicago, 1902.

    Hobsbawn, E. J.

  • Primitive Rebels: Studies in Archaic Forms of Social Movement in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Manchester, 1959.

    Holloway, Mark

  • Heavens on Earth, London, 1951.

    Hostetter, Richard

  • The Italian Socialist Movement, vol. I, 'Origins' (1860-82), Princeton, 1958.

    Hunter, Robert

  • Violence and the Labor Movement, New York, 1914.

    Huxley, Aldous

  • Brave New World, London and New York, 1932.

    Jackson, J. Hampden

  • Marx, Proudhon and European Socialis London, 1957.

    James, Henry

  • The Princess Casamassima, London and New York, 1886.

    Jellinek, Frank

  • The Civil War in Spain, London, 1938.
  • The Paris Commune, London, 1937.

    Joll, James

  • The Second International, London, 1955.

    Kaminski, H. E.

  • Bakounine, la vie d'un rivolutionnaire, Paris, 1938.
  • Ceux de Barcelone, Paris, 1937.

    Kenafick, K. J.

  • Michael Bakunin and Karl Marx, Melbourne, 1948.

    Kropotkin, Peter

  • The Conquest of Bread, London, 1906.
  • Ethics: Origin and Development, New York, 1924.
  • Fields, Factories and Workshops, London, 1899.
  • The Great French Revolution, London, 1909.
  • Ideals and Realities in Russian Literature, London, 1905.
  • Kropotkin's Revolutionary Pamphlets, Roger Baldwin, ed., New York, 1927.
  • Memoirs of a Revolutionist, Boston, 1899.
  • Modern Science and Anarchism, London, 1912.
  • Mutual Aid: A Factor in Evolution, London, 1902.
  • Paroles d'un rivolti, Paris, 1885.
  • The Russian Revolution and Anarchism, London, 1907.
  • The State: Its Historic Role, London, 1898.

    Labry, Raoul

  • Herzen et Proudhon, Paris, 1928.

    Lagardelle, Hubert

  • Le Socialisme ouvrier, Paris, 1911.

    Laidler, Henry W.

  • Social-Economic Movements, New York, 1947.

    Lefrancais, Gustave

  • Souvenirs d'un rivolutionnaire, Paris, 1902.

    Le Proces des anarchistes devant la police correctionnelle et la cour d'appel de Lyons, Lyons, 1883.

    Leval, Gaston

  • Social Reconstruction in Spain, London, 1938.

    Ligt, Bart de

  • The Conquest of Violence, London, 1937.

    Lissagaray, P. O.

  • History of the Commune of 1871, London, 1886.

    Livermore, Harold

  • A History of Spain, London, 1959.

    Louis, Paul

  • Histoire du socialisme en France, rev. ed., Paris, 1950.

    Lubac, Henri de

  • The Un-Marxian Socialist: A Study of Proudhon, London, 1948.

    Lytton, Edward Bulwer

  • The Coming Race, London, 1871.

    Mackay, J. R.

  • The Anarchists, Boston, 1891.

    Maitron, Jean

  • Histoire du mouvement anarchiste en France (1880-1914); Paris, 1955.

    Makhno, Nestor

  • La Revolution russe en Ukraine, Paris, 1927.

    Malatesta, Errico

  • Anarchy, London, 1949.

    Malato, Charles

  • De la Commune a l'anarchie, Paris, 1894.
  • Philosophic de l'anarchie, Paris, 1889.

    Malon, Benoit

  • Histoire du socialisme, Paris, 1882-5.

    Manual, Frank H.

  • The Politics of Modern Spain, New York, 1938.

    Martin, James J.

  • Men Against the State, New York, 1957.

    Marx, Karl

  • La Misere de la philosophic Paris, 1847.

    Maximoff, G. P.

  • Constructive Anarchism, Chicago, 1952.
  • The Guillotine at Work: Twenty Years of Terror in Russia, Chicago, 1940.

    Michel, Louise

  • La Commune, Paris, 1898.

    Michels, Robert

  • Political Parties, London, 1915.

    Montseny, Federica

  • Militant Anarchism and the Reality in Spain, Glasgow, 1937.

    More, Sir Thomas

  • Utopia, English translation by Ralph Robinson, London, 1551.

    Morris, William

  • The Letters of William Morris, Philip Henderson, ed., London, 1950.
  • News from Nowhere, London, 1891.

    Morton, A. L., and Tate, George

  • The British Labour Movement, 1770-1920, London, 1956.

    Mumford, Lewis

  • The Story of Utopias, New York, 1922.

    Nettlau, Max

  • Der Anarchismus von Proudhon zu Kropotkin, Berlin, 1927.
  • Anarchisten und Social-Revolutionare, Berlin, 1931.
  • Bibliographic de l'anarchie, Brussels, 1897.
  • Der Vorfruhling der Anarchie, Berlin, 1925.

    New York State, Joint Legislative Committee Investigating Seditious Activities, Revolutionary Radicalism, 4 vols., Albany, 1920.

    Nomad, Max

  • Apostles of Revolution, New York, 1933.
  • Rebels and Renegades, New York, 1932.

    Orwell, George

  • Homage to Catalonia, London, 1938.
  • 1984, London and New York, 1949.

    Paine, Thomas

  • The Selected Works of Thomas Paine, Howard Fast (ed.), New York, 1945.

    Parsons, A. R., and others

  • Anarchism, Its Philosophy and Scientific Basis, Chicago, 1887.

    Pataud, E., and Pouget, E.

  • Syndicalism and Co-operative Commonwealth, Oxford, 1913.

    Pease, Edward R.

  • A History of the Fabian Society, London, 1916.

    Pelloutier, Fernand

  • Histoire des Bourses de Travail, Paris, 1902.

    Petegorsky, D. W.

  • Left Wing Democracy in the English Civil War, London, 1940.

    Pirou, Gaetan

  • Georges Sorel, Paris, 1927.

    Plamenatz, J. P.

  • The Revolutionary Movement in France, 1815-71, London, 1952.

    Planche, Fernand, and Delphy, Jean

  • Kropotkine, Paris, 1948.

    Plekhanov, G. V.

  • Anarchism and Socialism, Chicago, 1908.

    Postgate, R. W.

  • How To Make a Revolution, London, 1934.
  • The Workers' International, London, 1920.

    Preaudeau, Marc de

  • Michel Bakounine: Le Collectivisme dans l'Internationale, Paris, 1912.

    Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph

  • Avertissement aux proprietaires, Besancon and Paris, 1841.
  • Les Confessions d'un revolutionnaire, Paris, 1849.
  • Correspondance, 14 vols., Paris, 1874-5.
  • De la capacity politique des classes ouvrieres, Paris, 1865.
  • De la justice dans la revolution et dans l'eglise, 3 vols., Paris, 1858.
  • De l'utilite de la celebration du dimanche, Besancon, 1839.
  • Du principe de l'art et de sa destination sociale, Paris, 1865.
  • Du principe federatif et de la necessiti de reconstituer le parti de la revolution, Paris, 1863.
  • Essai de grammaire generate, Besancon, 1839 (published anonymously.
  • La Guerre et la paix, 2 vols., Paris, 1861.
  • Idee generate de la revolution au XIXe siecle, Paris, 1851, translated into English as The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century by John Beverley Robinson, London, 1923.
  • OEuvres completes, 26 vols., Paris, 1867-70.
  • Philosophie du progres, Brussels, 1853.
  • Qu'est-ce que la propriete? ou recherche sur le principe du droit et du gouvernement, Paris, 1840, translated into English as What is Property? by Benjamin Tucker, Princeton, 1876.
  • Solution du probleme social, Paris, 1848, translated into English and published with other writings on mutual banking as Proudhon's Solution of the Social Problem, New York, 1927.
  • Systeme des contradictions iconomiques ou philosophie de la misere, 2 vols., Paris, 1846, translated as System of Economic Contradictions: or, the Philosophy of Misery by Benjamin Tucker, Boston, 1888.

    Puech, J.-L.

  • Le Proudhonisme dans l'association Internationale des travailleurs, Paris, 1907. Pyziur, Eugene, The Doctrine of Anarchism of M. A. Bakunin, Milwaukee, 1955.

    Rabelais, Francois

  • Gargantua and Pantagruel, English translation by Sir Thomas Urquhart and Peter le Motteux, London, 1653-94.

    Rae, John

  • Contemporary Socialism, London, 1884.

    Ramus, Pierre

  • William Godwin, der Theoretiker des Kommunistischen Anarchismus, Leipzig, 1907.

    Read, Herbert

  • Anarchy and Order, London, 1954.
  • Existentialism, Marxism and Anarchism, London, 1949.
  • The Philosophy of Anarchism, London, 1940.
  • Poetry and Anarchism, London, 1938.
  • The Politics of the Unpolitical, London, 1943.

    Reclus, Elisee

  • Correspondance, 3 vols., Paris, 1911-25.

    Richards, Vernon

  • Lessons of the Spanish Revolution, London, 1953.

    Rocker, Rudolf

  • Anarcho-Syndicalism, London, 1938.
  • Johann Most: das Leben eines Rebellen, Berlin, 1924.
  • The London Years, London, 1956.
  • Nationalism and Culture, Los Angeles, 1937.

    Pioneers of American Freedom, Los Angeles, 1949. Rodway, A. E. (ed.), Godwin and the Age of Transition, London, 1952.

    Ruehle, Otto, Karl Marx: His Life and Works, London, 1929.

    Russell, Bertrand

  • Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism and Syndicalism, London, 1918.

    Sacco, Nicola, and Vanzetti, Bartolomeo

  • Letters of Sacco and Vanzetti, M. D. Frankfurter and G. Jackson (eds.), New York, 1928.

    Sainte-Beuve, Charles Augustin, P.-J. Proudhon, sa vie et sa correspondance, 1838-48, Paris, 1872.

    Santillan, D. A. de

  • After the Revolution, New York, 1937.

    Sender, Ram

  • Seven Red Sundays, London, 1933.

    Sergent, Alain, and Harmel, Claude

  • Histoire de l'anarchle, Paris, 1949.

    Shelley, Percy Bysshe

  • The Complete Works of Shelley, 10 vols., London, 1926-9.

    Simmons, Ernest J.

  • Tolstoy, Boston, 1946.

    Sorel, Georges

  • Les Illusions du progris, Paris. 1909. Riflexions sur la violence, Paris, 1908.

    Souchy, Augustin

  • The Tragic Week in May, Barcelona, 1937.

    Spooner, Lysander

  • Poverty: Its Illegal Causes and Legal Cure, Boston, 1846.

    Stekloff, Y. M.

  • History of the First International, London, 1928.

    Stirner, Max

  • Der Einzige und sein Eigentum, Berlin, 1845, translated into English as The Ego and His Own by Steven T. Byington, London, 1907.
  • Die Geschichte der Reaktion, Berlin, 1852.

    Swift, Jonathan

  • Gulliver's Travels, London, 1726.

    Thomas, Hugh

  • The Spanish Civil War, London, 1961.

    Tolstoy, Leo

  • The Kingdom of God Is Within You, London, 1894. The Slavery of Our Time, London, 1900.
  • What I Believe, London, n.d.

    Tridon, Andre

  • The New Unionism, New York, 1914.

    Tucker, Benjamin

  • Instead of a Book, New York, 1893.

    Varlet, Jeon

  • Explosion, Paris, 1793.

    Venturi, Franco

  • Roots of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth Century Russia, London, 1960.

    Vizetelly, E. A.

  • The Anarchists: Their Faith and Record, London, 1911.

    Voline (pseud, for V. M. Eichenbaum),

  • Nineteen-Seventeien: The Russian Revolution Betrayed, New York, 1954.
  • The Unknown Revolution, New York, 1955.

    Warren, Josiah

  • Equitable Commerce, New Harmony, 18416.
  • True Civilization, Boston, 1863.

    Weill, G.

  • Histoire du mouvement social en France, 1852-1902, Paris, 1904.

    Wells, Herbert George

  • Men Like Gods, London, 1923.

    Wilde, Oscar

  • The Soul of Man Under Socialism, London, 1891.

    Winstanley, Gerrard

  • Gerrard Winstanley: Selections from his Works, Leonard Hamilton (ed.), London, 1944.
  • The Works of Gerrard Winstanley, G. H. Sabine (ed.), Ithaca, New York, 1941.

    Woodcock, George

  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, London, 1956.
  • William Godwin, London, 1946.

    Woodcock, George, and Avakumovic", Ivan

  • The Anarchist Prince: A Biography of Peter Kropotkin, London, 1950.

    Yarmolinsky, A.

  • Road to Revolution, London, 1957.

    Yaroslavsky, E.

  • History of Anarchism in Russia, London, n.d. (c. 1936).

    Yelensky, B.

  • In the Struggle for Equality, Chicago, 1958.

    Yellen, Samuel

  • American Labor Struggles, New York, 19316.

    Zenker, E. V.

  • Anarchism, London, 1898.

    Zilliacus, K.

  • The Russian Revolutionary Movement, Londom, 1905.