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Adler, Mortimer J.

  • What Man Has Made of Man, 1937. [pdf file]
  • Art and Prudence, 1937. [pdf file]
  • The Difference of Man and the Difference It Makes (1967). Chapter 1.
  • "Sense Cognition: Aristotle vs. Aquinas," The New Scholasticism 42 (Autumn 1968): 578-591.

    Alston, William P.

  • "The Deontological Conception of Epistemic Justification," in J. E. Tomberlin, ed., Philosophical Perspectives, 2, Epistemology (1988). Reprinted in William P. Alston, Epistemic Justification: Essays in the Theory of Knowledge, 1989.

    Anarchist Bibliography

    Angelelli, Ignacio

  • "The Techniques of Disputation in the History of Logic," The Journal of Philosophy 67 (October 22, 1970): 800-815.

    Armstrong, David [Bibliography]

  • "Black Swans: The formative influences in Australian philosophy," In Rationality and Irrationality, (Proceedings of the 23rd International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria, 2000) ed. B. Brogaard & B. Smith, Wien: öbvahpt, 11-17.
  • "Interview," In Matters of the Mind: Poems, Essays and Interviews in Honour of Leonie Kramer, eds. Lee Jobling and Catherine Runcie. Sydney: University of Sydney, 2001: pp. 322-332.
  • "An Interview with Professor David Armstrong," Chicago, April 2002.

    Arshinov, Peter (1887-1937)

  • History of the Makhnovist Movement (1918-1921), Translated by Lorraine and Fredy Perlman, 1974, originally published in 1923 by the Group of Russian Anarchists in Germany.

    Aune, Bruce

  • Bibliography
  • Knowledge, Mind, and Nature: An Introduction to Theory of Knowledge and the Philosophy of Mind, 1967. Chapter 2: Does Knowledge Have an Indubitable Foundation?

    Austin, John

  • "A Plea for Excuses," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1956-7.

    Ayer, A. J.

  • Language, Truth and Logic (1936).

    Beardsley, Monroe C.

  • "Postscript 1980-: Some Old Problems in New Perspectives," in Aesthetics: Problems in the Philosophy of Criticism, 1st ed., 1958; 2d ed., 1981.

    Benn, Stanley I.

  • "Democracy," Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Paul Edwards, 1967.
  • "Rights," Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Paul Edwards, 1967

    Bennett, Jonathan

  •   Linguistic Behaviour (Cambridge University Press, 1976). chapter 1

    Bentham, Jeremy

  • "Critique of the Doctrine of Inalienable, Natural Rights," in Anarchical Fallacies , vol. 2 of Bowring (ed.), Works, 1843.

    Black, Max

  • "The Prevalence of Humbug," in The Prevalence of Humbug and Other Essays (Cornell University Press, 1983).

    Blanshard, Brand

  • The Philosophic Enterprise," in Charles J. Bontempo and S. Jack Odell, ed. The Owl of Minerva: Philosophers on Philosophy (1975).
  • Reason and Goodness, 1961. -- Chapter 14: Reason and Politics
  • Reason and Belief, 1974.

  • Broad, C. D.
  • Broad: Bibliography

    Brown, Harold I.

  • Bibliography

    Bunge, Mario

  • Philosophy in Crisis: The Need for Reconstruction, 2001. "Chapter 10: Crisis and Reconstruction in Philosophy"

    Carnap, Rudolf

  • Meaning and Necessity, 1947. [pdf file]
  • "Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology," Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4, 1950: 20-40.
  • "Uberwindung der Metaphysik durch Logische Analyse der Sprache (The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language," Erkenntnis, Vol. II (1932).

    Carroll, Lewis

  • "What the Tortoise Said to Achilles," Mind 4, No. 14 (April 1895): pp, 278-280.

    Chalmers, David

  • "Much Ado About Consciousness," Philosophy Now, Issue 21, 1998.

    Charter of the United Nations

    Chomsky, Noam

  • Links to books and excerpts.
  • "The Responsibility of Intellectuals," The New York Review of Books, February 23, 1967.
  • "Philosophers and Public Philosophy," Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy, Volume 79, Number 1, October 1968.
  • "Objectivity and Liberal Scholarship," in Power and Consiousness in Society, edited by Conor Cruise O'Brien and William D. Vanech (New York: New York University Press, 1969).
  • "Notes on Anarchism," in For Reasons of State, 1973.
  • "Intellectuals and the State" (1977) in Toward a New Cold War: Essays on the Current Crisis and How We Got There (London: Sinclair Browne Ltd., 1982).
  • "Armageddon is Well Located," in Toward a New Cold War: Essays on the Current Crisis and How We Got There (London: Sinclair Browne Ltd., 1982).
  • "International Terrorism: Image and Reality," In Alexander George (ed.), Western State Terrorism, (Routledge, December, 1991).
  • "Anarchism, Marxism & Hope for the Future," in Red and Black Revolution, No. 2, 1995.
  • Noam Chomsky - Stefan Kubiak Correspondence (1996)
  • "Commentary: moral truisms, empirical evidence, and foreign policy," Review of International Studies (2003), 29, 605620.
  • "Simple Truths, Hard Problems: Some thoughts on terror, justice, and self-defence," Philosophy 80 2005
  • "A Revolution is Just Below the Surface," Noam Chomsky interviewed by Eva Golinger Venezuela Analysis, September 28, 2007.

    Chrucky, Andrew

  • Bibliography

    Church, Alonzo

  • "The Need for Abstract Entities," Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 80 (1951): 100-113.

    Clay, Marjorie

  • (ed.) Teaching Theory of Knowledge , The Council for Philosophical Studies, 1986.

    Clifford, William K.

  • "The Ethics of Belief," Contemporary Review, January 1877. Reprinted in Lectures and Essays (1879). Presently in print in The Ethics of Belief and Other Essays (Prometheus Books, 1999).

    Cohen, Morris R.

  • "The Dark Side of Religion," Religion Today, a Challenging Enigma , ed. Arthur L. Swift, Jr. (1933). Revised version in Morris Cohen, The Faith of a Liberal (1946).
  • (and Ernest Nagel) An Introduction To Logic And Scientific Method (1934). [pdf file]

    Collingwood, R. G.

  • The Principles of Art (1938). Chapter 15.

    Copleston, F. C.

  • (and Bertrand Russell) "A Debate on the Argument from Contingency," Broadcast in 1948 on the Third Program of the British Broadcasting Corporation. Published in Humanitas (Manchester) and reprinted in Bertrand Russell, Why I Am Not a Christian (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1957).
  • "The Meaning of the Terms Predicated of God," in Contemporary Philosophy, 1956.

    Cornford, Francis Macdonald

  • Before and After Socrates (1932). Chapter II: Socrates

    Cornman, James W.

  • (and Keith Lehrer, George S. Pappas, eds.) Philosophical Problems and Arguments: An Introduction, 3d edition, 1982. [1st ed., 1968; 2d ed., 1974]: Chapter Four: The Mind-Body Problem; Chapter Five: The Problem of Justifying Belief in God; Chapter Six: The Problem of Justifying an Ethical Standard

    Danto, Arthur C.

  • "Faith, Language, and Religious experience: A Dialogue," In Religious Experience and Truth, Sidney Hook, ed. (New York: New York University Press, 1961).

    Deely, John N.

  • "The Immateriality of the Intentional as Such," The New Scholasticism 42 (Spring 1968): 293-306.

    Demos, Raphael

  • (ed.) Introduction to Plato Selections (1927).

    Ducasse, Curt J.

  • Publications of Curt Ducasse
  • Publications on Curt Ducasse

    Eemeren, Frans H. Van, and Rob Grootendorst

  • "The Pragma-Dialectical Approach to Fallacies," in Fallacies: Classical and Contemporary Readings, edited by Hans V. Hansen and Robert C. Pinto (1995).
  • "Argumentum Ad Hominem: A Pragma-Dialectical Case in Point," in Fallacies: Classical and Contemporary Readings, edited by Hans V. Hansen and Robert C. Pinto (1995).

    Fearnside, W. Ward and William B. Holther Fallacy: The Counterfeit of Argument, 1959.

    Feigl, Herbert

  • "De Principiis Non Disputandum . . .," in Philosophical Analysis , ed. Max Black (Cornell University Press, 1950).
  • "Validation and Vindication: An Analysis of the Nature and the Limits of Ethical Arguments," in Readings in Ethical Theory, Selected and edited by Wilfrid Sellars and John Hospers (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1952): 667-80.
  • (and M. Scriven, ed.) Minnesota Studies In The Philosophy Of Science, Volume I, 1956. [pdf file]
  • (and M. Scriven and G. Maxwell, ed.) Minnesota Studies In The Philosophy Of Science, Volume II, 1958. [pdf file]
  • The "Mental" and the "Physical": The Essay and a Postscript, University of Minnesota Press, 1967.
  • "Some Crucial Issues of Mind-Body Monism," Synthese 22 (1971): 295-312.

    Feinberg, Joel

  • "Abortion," in Matters of Life and Death, ed. Tom Regan, 2d ed. (New York: Random House, 1986), pp. 256-293.

    Findlay, J. N.

  • "Can God's Existence be Disproved?" Mind, April 1948. Reprinted in J. N. Findlay, Language, Truth and Value* (Humanities Press, 1963).

    Firth, Roderick

  • "Sense Data and the Percept Theory," Mind, 58 (1949); 59 (1950).
  • "Coherence, Certainty, and Epistemic Priority," The Journal of Philosophy 66 (1964): 545-557.

    Flew, Antony

  • Introduction to Thomas Malthus' An Essay on the Principle of Population (1970).

    Frankena, William K.

  • Ethics 2d edition (Prentice-Hall, 1973).
  • "Education," in Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas, ed. Philip P. Wiener, Vol. II (New York, Charles Scribner's Sons: 1973).

    Franklin, Benjamin

  • "Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc." (1751)

    Fremery, Robert De

  • "Nozick and Locke's Proviso," Land & Liberty, November-December, 1979.

    Gellner, E. A.

  • "Ethics and Logic," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society LV (1954-1955), 157-178.

    Gettier, Edmund L.

  • "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" Analysis 23 (1963): 121-123.

    Goodman, Nelson

  • (and W.V. Quine), "Steps Toward a Constructive Nominalism," Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1947): 105-122.

    Goodrich, Carter, and Sol Davison,

  • "The Wage-Earner in the Westward Movement. I. The Statement of the Problem," Political Science Quarterly, L (June, 1935): 179-180.
  • "II. The Question and the Sources," Political Science Quarterly, LI (March, 1936): 61-116.

    Grice, H. P.

  • "Meaning," Philosophical Review 66 (1957): 377-88.

    Hamblin, C. L. Fallacies (1970).

    Hansen, Hans V.

  • "Select Bibliography of Recent Work on the Fallacies," in Fallacies: Classical and Contemporary Readings, edited by Hans V. Hansen and Robert C. Pinto (1995).

    Hardin, Garrett

  • "The Tragedy of the Commons," Science, Vol. 162 (1968):1243-1248.

    Hare, R. M.

  • Bibliography

    Heidegger, Martin

  • "Only a God Can Save Us": The Spiegel Interview (1966)

    Hempel, Carl

  • "On the Nature of Mathematical Truth," American Mathematical Monthly 52, 1945.
  • "Geometry and Empirical Science," American Mathematical Monthly 52, 1945.

    Hick, John H.

  • Philosophy of Religion, 3rd edition, 1983.

    Hobart, R. E.

  • "Free Will as Involving Determination and Inconceivable Without It," Mind, New Series, Vol. 43, No. 169. (Jan., 1934), pp. 1-27.

    Hobhouse, Leonard Trelawny

  • The Theory of Knowledge, 1896. [pdf file]
  • Morals in Evolution: A Study in Comparative Ethics, 1906. (Chapter VII: Class Relations) [Part I, pdf file] [Part II, pdf file]
  • Development and Purpose, 1913. [pdf file]
  • Mind in Evolution, 1915. [pdf file]
  • The World in Conflict, 1915. [pdf file]
  • The Material Culture and Social Institutions of the Simpler Peoples, 1915. [pdf file]
  • The Rational Good: A Study in the Logic of Practice, 1921. [pdf file]
  • The Metaphysical Theory of the State: A Criticism, 1918.
  • The Elements of Social Justice, 1922. [pdf file]

    Hook, Sidney

  • An Exchange between Howard Zinn and Sidney Hook on Democracy, 1989

    Humphrey, Thomas J.

  • Land and Liberty: Hudson Valley Riots in the Age of Revolution (2004)

    Johnson, W. E.

  • Logic: Part I (1921) -- Part II (1922) -- Part III (1924)

    Joll, James

  • The Anarchists (Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1964); 2nd edn. Methuen, 1979. A stimulating interpretive account of the anarchist movement in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; well-written and incisive.

    Kohr, Leopold

  • The Breakdown of Nations, 1957, 1978

    Kotarbinski, Tadeusz

  • "The Reistic, or Concretistic, Approach," Mysl Wspolczesna, 1949, No. 10(41).

    Kretzmann, Norman

  • "Omniscience and Immutability," The Journal of Philosophy 63 (1966).

    Lashchyk, Eugene

  • Website

    Lejewki, Czeslaw

  • "Logic and Existence," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. V (1954), pp. 104-119.

    Lewis, C. I.

  • Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Scribner's, 1929): Chapter 2: "The Given Element in Experience."
  • An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation, 1946. Chapter VI: "Linguistic Meaning and Sense Meaning."

    Liberal Education, Philosophy of (Bibliography)

    Locke, John,

  • An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent and End of Civil Government: Second Treatise on Government, 1690. (Chapter 5 - Of Property)

    Lovejoy, Arthur O.

  • The Revolt Against Dualism, 1930. [pdf file]

    Mackie, J. L.

  • "Evil and Omnipotence," Mind, New Series, Vol. 64, No. 254. (Apr., 1955), pp. 200-212.

    Marras, Ausonio Bibliography

    Masquerier, Lewis

  • Sociology: or, The Reconstruction of Society, Government, and Property. New York, 1877. [pdf file -- "Evans and Land Reform," -- "Sketch of the Land Reform Development, and Life of George Henry Evans "

    McTaggart, J. Ellis

  • "The Unreality of Time," Mind 17 (1908): 456-473.

    Mill, John Stuart

  • Considerations on Representative Government (1861). Edited with an Introduction by Currin V. Shields.

    Montague, William Pepperell

  • "Prof. Royce's Refutation of Realism and Pluralism," Philosophical Review 11 (1902): 43-55.

    Moore, G. E.

  • "Refutation of Idealism," Mind 12 (1903).
  • Principia Ethica (1903). [pdf file]
  • Ethics (1912). [pdf file]
  • "The Conception of Intrinsic Value" Philosophical Studies (London, 1922).
  • "The Nature of Moral Philosophy," Philosophical Studies (London, 1922).
  • "A Defence of Common Sense," Contemporary British Philosophy (2nd series), ed. J. H. Muirhead, 1925.

    Murphy, Jeffrie G.

  • "The Killing of the Innocent," The Monist, Vol. 57, No. 4 (1973): 527-550.

    Nagel, Ernest

  • "Sovereign Reason," in Freedom and Experience (edited by Sidney Hook and Milton R. Konvitz), Ithaca and New York, Cornell University Press, 1947. Reprinted in Ernest Nagel, Sovereign Reason and Other Studies in the Philosophy of Science (Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1954).

    Parker, DeWitt H.

  • (ed.) Schopenhauer Selections (1928). Introduction.

    Peirce, Charles S. (edited with an introduction by Charles R. Morris)

  • Chance, Love and Logic, 1923. [pdf file]

    Pennock, J. Roland & John W. Chapman

  • eds., Anarchism: Nomos XIX. New York: New York University Press, 1978.

    Pepper, Stephen C.

  • "Emergence," Journal of Philosophy 23 (1926):241-45.

    Perry, Ralph Barton

  • "Prof. Royce's Refutation of Realism and Pluralism," The Monist 12 (1901-2): 446-458.
  • "The Ego-Centric Predicament," Journal of Philosophy 7 (1910): 5-14.

    Popper, Karl

  • "Language and the Body-Mind Problem," Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of Philosophy 7 (1953).
  • "A Note on the Body-Mind Problem," Analysis 15 (1955).

    Prichard, H. A.

  • "Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?" Mind, N.S., Vol. 21, 1912.

    Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1809-1865)

  • Du principe federatif [1863]. The Principle of Federation (1863), ed. Vernon Richards (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979).

    Quine, W. V.

  • (and Nelson Goodman), "Steps Toward a Constructive Nominalism," Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1947): 105-122.
  • "Two Dogmas of Empiricism," The Philosophical Review 60 (1951): 20-43.

    Rashdall, Hatings

  • The Theory of Good and Evil (1907). [pdf file vol. 1] -- [pdf file vol. 2]

    Rawls, John

  • "Two Concepts of Rules," The Philosophical Review 64 (1955): 3-32.

    Reichenbach, Hans

  • Experience and Prediction (1938).
  • Elements of Symbolic Logic (1947).

    Reichert, William O.

  • Partisans of Freedom: A Study in American Anarchism. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1976.

    Ritter, Alan

  • The Political Thought of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.
  • Anarchism: A Theoretical Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

    Robinson, Richard

  • Plato's Earlier Dialectic, 2nd edition (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1953). Ch. 2: Elenchus; Ch. 3: Elenchus: Direct and Indirect
  • An Atheist's Values, 1964.

    Ross, W. D.

  • The Right and the Good, 1930.
  • The Foundations of Ethics, 1939.

    Royce, Josiah

  • The World and the Individual (1899). Lecture III, "The Independent Beings: A Critical Examination of Realism,"

    Runes, Dagobert D.

  • (ed.) Dictionary of Philosophy, 1942.

    Russell, Bertrand

  • A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz (1900).
  • Problems of Philosophy (1912).
  • Proposed Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism and Syndicalism (1919).
  • Free Thought and Official Propaganda, 1922.
  • Freedom and Organization: 1814-1914 (1934).
  • "Ch. 7: The Case for Socialism," In Praise of Idleness and Other Essays (1935).
  • An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth, 1940.
  • (and F. C. Copleston) "A Debate on the Argument from Contingency," Broadcast in 1948 on the Third Program of the British Broadcasting Corporation. Published in Humanitas (Manchester) and reprinted in Bertrand Russell, Why I Am Not a Christian (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1957). -- Audio at Archive.org
  • My Philosophical Development (1959)

    Ryle, Gilbert

  • "Systematically Misleading Expressions," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1931/2.

    Salmon, Wesley C.

  • Logic (1984).

    Schlick, Moritz

  • Problems of Ethics (1939). Translation by David Rynin of Fragen der Ethik (1939).

    Searle, John R.

  • The Campus War: A Sympathetic Look at the University in Agony, 1971.
  • "The Storm Over the University," New York Review of Books, December 6, 1990.

    Sellars, Roy Wood

  • Bibliography of Roy Wood Sellars
  • (author of first draft) Humanist Manifesto, The New Humanist (May-June, 1933): 58-61.

    Sellars, Wilfrid -- "Problems from Wilfrid Sellars"

  • Bibliography
  • Sellars' Correspondences
  • On Sellars
  • An audio snippet from the beginning of Sellars' Carus Lectures

    Sidgwick, Henry

  • "A Criticism of the Critical Philosophy," Mind, Vol. 8, No. 29 (Jan., 1883), 69-91.
  • "The Morality of Strife," International Journal of Ethics, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Oct., 1890), 1-15.
  • "The Philosophy of Common Sense," Mind, N.S., Vol. 4, No. 14 (Apr., 1895): 145-158.
  • "The Economic Lessons of Socialism," The Economic Journal, Vol. 5, No. 19 (Sep., 1895), 336-346.
  • "Criteria of Truth and Error," Mind, New Series, Vol. 9, No. 33 (Jan., 1900), 8-25.

    Skovoroda, Hryhorii (Gregory)

  • A Conversation Among Five Travelers Concerning Life's True Happiness (c. 1773)

    Stace, W.T.

  • A Critical History of Greek Philosophy (1920)
  • Theory of Existence and Knowledge, 1932
  • Religion and the Modern Mind, 1952
  • Mysticism and Philosophy, 1960

    Stenius, Erik

  • "Chapter 11: Wittgenstein as a Kantian Philosopher," Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Critical Exposition of Its Main Lines of Thought, 1960.

    Tarski, Alfred

  • "The Semantic Conception of Truth: And the Foundations of Semantics," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4 (1944).

    Taylor, A. E.

  • "Arguments for the Existence of God," from Ch. 5, "Some Metaphysical Implications of Ethics and Religion" of The Elements of Metaphysics (1903).

    Waismann, Friedrich

  • "Verifiability," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume XIX (1945).

    Whately, Richard

  • Elements of Logic, 1859. [pdf file]
  • Easy Lessons on Reasoning, 1872. [pdf file]

    Whitehead, Alfred North

  • The Organization of Thought: Educational and Scientific (London: William and Norgate, 1917). Chapter 1: "The Aims of Education."

    Wittgenstein, Ludwig

  • Tractatus-Logico-Philosophicus, 1921. New translation into English by D. F. Pears & B. F. McGuinness, 1961.

    Wiener, Philip P.

  • (ed.) Leibniz Selections (1951). Introduction.

    Wolff, Robert Paul

  • In Defense of Anarchism (1970)

    Woodbridge, Frederick J. E.

  • (ed.) Hobbes Selections (1951). Introduction.

    Zakydalsky, Taras

  • The Theory of Man in the Philosophy of Skovoroda (M.A. Thesis, 1965).
  • "Chyzhevsky as a Historian of Ukrainian Philosophy" (2003).

    Zeller, Eduard

  • Outlines of the History of Greek Philosophy, 1931.