Logic
Wesley C. Salmon
1984
CONTENTS
Preface
1 The Scope of Logic
Argument
Inference
Discovery and Justification
Deductive and Inductive Arguments
2 Deduction
Validity
Conditional Statements
Conditional Arguments
Reductio ad Absurdum
The Dilemma
Truth Tables and Validity
Logical Equivalences
Tautologies
Categorical statements
Categorical Syllogisms
Venn Diagrams and Class Logic
The Logic of Relations
Quantifiers: The Fallacy of "Every" and "All"
Deductive logic
3 Induction
Inductive Correctness
Induction by Enumeration
Insufficient Statistics
Biased Statistics
Statistical Syllogism
Argument from Authority
Argument Against the Person
Analogy
Causal Arguments
Mill's Methods
Causal Fallacies and Controlled Experiments
Hypotheses
4 Logic and language
Use and Mention
Definitions
Analytic, Synthetic, and Contradictory Statements
Contraries and Contradictories
Ambiguity and Equivocation
Conclusion
For Further Reading
Argument Forms (Correct and Fallacious)
Index